Best Time Plant Vegetable Garden -
Planting Times for Garden Vegetables

The best time to plant a vegetable garden depends on the vegetables you're growing and will vary based on your region-specific weather…

Best Time Plant Vegetable Garden - Weather

Every vegetable has unique needs. Some are hardier and may actually grow better after being exposed to a hard frost or two (“hardy”), some don’t like but will survive light frosts (“half hardy”) and others must avoid frost at all costs (“warm season”). And while most vegetables will take as much sun as you can give them (“full sun” – at least 6 hours), others like or will tolerate partial shade.

To get even more specific, each plant has a desired range of soil temperatures that it prefers for germination (even though germination may occur outside of those ranges). Generally speaking, the higher the soil temperature within the plant-specific desired range, the faster the plant will germinate.

Inexpensive soil thermometers can be purchased to determine when your soil’s ready for each plant, and insulation in the form of black plastic mulch or landscaping fabric can get it there a few weeks ahead of time.

When planning your vegetable garden layout and the planting time of each crop, don’t forget to take the companion planting charts and your annual vegetable crop rotation into account.

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Planting Times for Garden Vegetables (Complete List of Veggies)

The following chart sums up the weather requirements for each vegetable type. Follow the links for more vegetable-specific information…

Vegetable Amount of Sun Cold Tolerance* Germination Soil Temperature
Artichokes
Full sun Warm season 70 to 80 degrees F (21 to 27 degrees C)
Asparagus
Full sun Hardy 75 to 85 degrees F (24 to 29.4 degrees C)
Beans, Bush
Full sun Warm season 70 to 85 degrees F (21 to 29 degrees C)
Beans, Green
Full sun Warm season 70 to 85 degrees F (21 to 29 degrees C)
Beans, Lima
Full sun Warm season 65 to 75 degrees F (18.3 to 23.8 degrees C)
Beans, Pole
Full sun Warm season 70 to 80 degrees F (21.1 to 26.6 degrees C)
Bean Sprouts No sun needed n/a n/a
Beets
Full sun Very hardy to hardy 50 to 85 degrees F (10 to 29 degrees C)
Broccoli
Full sun Hardy 65 to 80 degrees F (18.3 to 26.7 degrees C)
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Brussels Sprouts
Partial shade Half hardy 65 to 85 degrees F (18 to 29 degrees C)
Butternut Squash
Full sun Warm season 70 to 95 degrees F (17 degrees C)
Cabbage
Full sun Hardy 72 to 79 degrees F (22.2 to 26.1 degrees C)
Cantaloupe Full sun Warm Season 75 to 95 degrees F (23.9 to 35.0 C)
Carrots
Full sun Hardy 45 to 85 degrees F (7.2 to 29.4 degrees C)
Cauliflower
Full sun Half hardy 75 to 80 degrees F (24 to 27 degrees C)
Celery
Full sun or partial shade Half hardy 70 to 75 degrees F (21.1 to 23.8 degrees C)
Corn
Full sun Warm season 60 to 85 degrees F (15.6 to 29 degrees C)
Cucumbers Full sun Warm season At least 70 degrees F (21.1 C), preferably 80 to 95 F (27 to 35 C)
Eggplant
Full sun Warm season 80 to 90 degrees F (26.6 to 32.2 degrees C)
Garlic
Full sun Hardy n/a (typically grown from cloves)
Hops Full sun to partial shade (full sun is preferred) Half hardy 70 to 75.2 degrees F (21-24 degrees C)
Horseradish
Full sun to partial shade Hardy n/a (typically grown from root cuttings)
Kale Plant Full sun to partial shade (prefers full sun) Hardy 45 to 85 degrees F (7.2 to 29.4 degrees C)
Leeks Full sun Hardy 70 to 75 degrees F (21.1 to 23.9 degrees C)
Lettuce
Full sun Half hardy 40 to 60 degrees F (4 to 16 degrees C)
Okra
Full sun Warm season 70 to 95 degrees F (21 to 35 degrees C)
Onions
Full sun Hardy 70 to 85 degrees F (21.1 to 29 degrees C)
Parsnip Partial shade Hardy 50 to 70 degrees F (10 to 21.1 degrees C)
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Peanuts
Full sun Warm season 60 to 70 degrees F (15.5 to 21.1 degrees C)
Peas
Full sun Hardy 40 to 75 degrees F (4.4 to 23.8 degrees C)
Peppers, Bell Full sun Warm season 70 to 95 degrees F (21 to 35 C), but try to keep it above 80 F (27 C) for faster germination
Peppers, Hot
Full sun Warm season
70 to 95 degrees F (21 to 35 C), but try to keep it above 80 F (27 C) for faster germination
Potatoes
Full sun
Half hardy 45 to 50 degrees F (7.22 to 10 degrees C)
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Pumpkins
Full sun Half hardy 70 to 90 degrees F (21.1to 32.2 degrees C)
Pumpkins, Giant
Full sun Warm season 70 to 90 degrees F (21.1to 32.2 degrees C)
Radishes
Full sun Half hardy 45 to 90 degrees F (7.2 to 32.2 degrees C)
Rhubarb
Full sun to partial shade Hardy 45 to 65 degrees F (7.2 to 18.3 degrees C)
Shallots
Full sun to partial shade Hardy 50 to 95 degrees F (10 to 35 degrees C)
Soybeans
Full sun Warm season 60 to 70 degrees F (15.6 to 21.1 degrees C)
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Spinach
Full sun Hardy 70 to 75 degrees F (21.1 to 23.8 degrees C)
Squash, Summer
Full sun Warm season 70 to 95 degrees F (17 degrees C)
Squash, Winter
Full sun Warm season 70 to 95 degrees F (17 degrees C)
Strawberry Plants
Full sun Hardy 40 to 60 degrees F (4.44 to 15.5 degrees C)
Sweet Corn
Full sun Warm season 60 to 85 degrees F (15.5 to 29 degrees C)
Sweet Potatoes Full sun Warm season 60 to 85 degrees F (15.5 to 29 degrees C)
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Swiss Chard
Full sun Hardy 50 to 85 degrees F (10 to 29.4 degrees C)
Tomato Plants
Full sun Warm season 70 to 80 degrees F (21 to 27 degrees C)
Turnips Full sun to partial shade Hardy 60 to 105 degrees F (15.6 to 40.6 degrees C)
Watermelon Full sun Warm season 60 degrees F minimum (15.5 degrees C)
Zucchini
Full sun Warm season 70 to 95 degrees F (21.1 to 35 degrees C)

*Very Hardy to Hardy - Will survive hard frosts and can be planted 2 to 3 weeks before the average date of the last 32 degree F (0 degree C) temperature in spring.

Half Hardy – Will survive light frosts. Seeds germinate at low soil temperatures and can be planted 2 weeks before the average date of the last 32 degree F (0 degree C) temperature in spring.

Warm Season – Will not survive frost and their seeds will not germinate in cold soil. Plant them at about the average date of the last 32 degree F (0 degree C) temperature in spring

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