Growing Ginger:
How to Grow Ginger Organically

Growing ginger requires a sheltered spot that receives filtered sunlight, rich, moist soil, warm weather and a humid climate. It is usually grown from a ginger rhizome (the part that you eat that looks like a root), and most gardeners prefer to plant it in a container so it can be brought indoors when frost is imminent.

Growing Ginger: Plant Snapshot (Zingiber Officinale)

Growing Ginger
  • Family: Aframomum chrysanthum
  • Annual or Perennial? Ginger tops are perennial. The roots are annual will be ready to harvest 10 to 12 months after planting.
  • Recommended varieties: Hedychiums, Globba, Kaempferias, Alpinias
  • Cold tolerance: Warm Season – Will not survive frost and their seeds will not germinate in cold soil. Plant them at about the average date of the last 32 degree F (0 degree C) temperature in spring
  • Required Sun: Shade or morning sun
  • When planning vegetable crop rotation, group with crops from this family: n/a (perennial)
  • Companion plants (see Companion Planting Charts for more info):
    • Companions: Basil, tomatoes
    • Avoid: Onions, turnips
Back to top of How to Grow Ginger Organically

Growing Ginger: Planting the Seed

Where to Find Planting Supplies...

The following resources offer effective, healthy and/or well-rounded options. Click the links to go there now...

Ginger is propagated from rhizomes (which will sprout stems upward and roots downward) and is usually planted in early spring. Give it a shady spot or a spot that gets sun only in the mornings.

Choose a firm ginger rhizome with two or more buds, and plant it on its side with the buds facing upward in loose, moist soil about two to four inches (5 to 10 cm) deep, leaving part of the rhizome exposed.

Later on, your ginger plants will need a warm environment with filtered sunlight in order for their buds to develop, but at this point, warmth is more important than sunlight. The rhizomes grow just below the surface of the soil, so make sure to keep the soil moist (but not waterlogged) in order to keep the plant from drying out.

Snapshot: Planting Ginger

  • Planting depth: about 2 to 4 inches (5.08 to 10.16 cm)
  • Spacing in rows: about 8 inches (20.32 cm)
  • Germination soil temperature: 71 to 77 degrees F (22 to 25 degrees C)
  • Days to germination: 3 to 5 days
Back to top of How to Grow Ginger Organically

Growing Ginger: From Germination to Pre-Harvest

Where to Find Growing & Plant Care Supplies...

For effectice, healthy and/or well-rounded options, click the following links...

Once the ginger rhizome has begun to sprout, you will want to continue to monitor it and keep the soil moist. Growing ginger is not for the impatient, as the rhizomes should be allowed to grow for one full season before they are harvested.

An all-purpose organic garden fertilizer may be added to the soil monthly.

Snapshot: Growing Ginger

  • Preferred soil pH (see soil pH tester for more information): 5.5 to 6.5
  • Growing soil temperature: 71 to 77 degrees F (21.6 to 25 degrees C)
Back to top of How to Grow Ginger Organically

Growing Ginger: Harvesting Time

The roots of the ginger plant may be harvested at any time about three to four months after planting, though it is best to wait until the plant is mature. You will be able to see the ginger root growing near the soil surface.

Harvesting consists of trimming off small sections of the ginger root as needed while the plant continues to grow.

Snapshot: Harvesting Ginger

  • Time to harvest: About 90 to 120 days after planting
Back to top of How to Grow Ginger Organically

Storing Ginger and Freezing Ginger

Ginger is easily stored once it's been harvested.

Place your harvest in a small paper sack and place sack in the crisper section of your refrigerator.

For freezer storage, wrap in wax paper, place in a sealable plastic bag, and place in the freezer. Any time you need to use the ginger, simply take it from the freezer, slice off the amount needed, and then return the ginger to the freezer. Frozen ginger grates easily, and grated ginger may also be frozen.

Ginger rhizomes are viable for about two years.

Snapshot: Storing Ginger & Freezing Ginger

  • Storage temperature: 32 to 40 degrees F (0 to 4.44 degrees C)
  • Humidity: 90 to 95% relative humidity
  • Storage life (unfrozen in above conditions): 3 weeks
  • Storage life (frozen): 3 months
  • Seed longevity: Rhizomes viable for about 2 years
Back to top of How to Grow Ginger Organically

Growing Ginger: Pests & Diseases

The following pests and diseases have been known to affect the success of growing Ginger. For more information about preventing and controlling them, see Organic Garden Pest Control.


  • Banana aphid
  • Chinese rose beetle
  • Fijiian ginger weevil
  • Ginger maggot
  • Tumeric root scale
  • Nigra scale
  • Cardamon thrips


  • Leafspot
  • Stem and Bulb nematode
  • Fusarium yellows
  • Spiral Nematode
  • Root-Knot nematode
  • Rhizome rot
  • Bacterial wilt
  • Root Rot
  • Burrowing nematode
  • Stunt nematode
  • Dagger nematode
Back to top of How to Grow Ginger Organically

YOUR Experience & Advice About Growing Ginger

growing vegetables Yep - He grew these himself!
Click here to share your photo
or experience

Figured out a unique and effective way to grow them in your region?

Solved a problem that's been plaguing you?

Want to show off a picture of your perfect harvest?

Click here to share your advice, experiences and/or photos.

Back to top of Growing Ginger - How to Grow Ginger Organically

Was this page helpful?  If so, please tell your friends about it with a Facebook like or via Twitter, Pinterest, email or good old fashioned word of mouth. Thank you for supporting our efforts!

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave a comment in the box below.

Also see...

Ginger photo is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic license.

What Visitors Are Saying...

Share your thoughts!
[?] Subscribe To This Site

follow us in feedly
Add to My Yahoo!
Add to My MSN
Subscribe with Bloglines