Growing Pansies:
Planting Pansies & Organic Pansies Care

Growing pansies will provide year-round blooms in your garden. These dainty, delicate flowers include winter-flowering bedding plants that give you color when most garden plants are dormant.

Pansies also grow well in baskets and containers, adding cheerful color around your garden.

Growing Pansies: Plant Snapshot

Growing Pansies
  • Pansy (Viola)
  • Annual or perennial? Perennials
  • Recommended varieties (by color):
    • Black: ‘Black Magic’
    • Blue: ‘Bingo Blue Frost’
    • Orange: ‘Universal Orange Plus’
    • Purple: ‘Purple Showers’, ‘Maggie Mott’
    • Violet: ‘Nellie Britton’,
    • Yellow: ‘Jeannie Bellew’, ‘Penny Primrose’ , ‘Splendens’
    • Orange & purple: ‘Jolly Joker’
    • Red & yellow: ‘Joker Rot-Gold’
  • Recommended USDA Hardiness zones: 04a to 11a, depending on variety
  • Mature Height: 4 to 10 inches (yy to yy cm)
  • Mature Spread: 12 to 15 inches (yy to yy cm)
  • Sun Requirements: partial shade, partial sun to full sun
  • Blooming season: Late spring, early, mid & late summer, early fall
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Planting Pansies, Transplanting and/or Root Division

Where to Find Planting Supplies...

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You can sow pansy seeds in late winter for summer flowering plants or in summer for winter and spring blooms. Fill a seed tray with sieved garden compost or an organic nutrient-rich seed starting mix. Water it very lightly. Sprinkle the pansy seeds lightly across the surface and add a small amount of compost to cover. Place on a windowsill or in a cold frame or greenhouse. Keep moist and thin plants out into individual modules when they are large enough to handle.

You can also take and plant softwood cuttings from perennial varieties in spring or late summer. Cut a stem just above a leaf node using a clean, sharp knife. Remove the lower leaves so that only the top two or three remain. Push two or three cuttings into a pot of moist compost, making sure their leaves don’t touch. Place in a sheltered place and keep moist. Transplant them into their own pots when growth is established next spring.

Snapshot: Planting Pansies

  • Germination soil temperature: 65 degrees F (18 C)
  • Distance between plants: about 8 inches (20 cm)
  • Planting depth: Level with pot
  • Days to germination:5 to 10 days
  • Preferred soil pH (see soil pH tester for more information): 5 to 6
  • Root division information (perennials only):
    • Root system type (clumping, spreading, rhizome or tuber): clumping
    • Roots division frequency: Every 2 to 3 years
    • In which season should dividing occur? Spring or fall
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Growing Pansies Flowers: Pansies Care

Where to Find Growing & Plant Care Supplies...

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Standard flower watering guidelines apply, and no plant supports will be needed.

Deadhead pansies regularly to keep the flowers coming from spring to fall. Especially focus your pinching efforts on flower stalks at the sides of the plant to encourage new to shoots grow, making a bushier plant.

Snapshot: Pansy Plants Care

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Growing Pansies Flowers: Harvesting/Cutting Time

Gardeners don’t tend to think of pansies as cut flowers because of their short stems. But it’s possible to enjoy them if you have small containers and vases. Cut pansy flowers at the base of their stems using sharp pruning shears and put them into water immediately.

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Growing Pansies Flowers: Pests & Diseases

Don’t overwater pansies as too much water resting on the leaves may encourage fungal growth and diseases. Dig up and destroy any infected plants to prevent diseases from spreading.

The following pests and diseases have been known to affect the success of growing Pansy Plants (see Organic Garden Pest Control for information about how to prevent and address pests and diseases)...


  • Aphids
  • Flea beetles
  • Foliage-feeding caterpillars
  • Fall midges
  • Mealybugs
  • Spider mites
  • Whiteflies


  • Downy mildew
  • Grey mold
  • Leaf spots
  • Powdery mildew
  • Root and stem rot
  • Rusts
  • Viruses
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